Gingivitis is a gum disease that occurs due to plaque build-up in the teeth. Plaque is a naturally occurring bacterial layer over the teeth, gum and surrounding tissues that results in swelling of the gum. If Gingivitis is left untreated then it may give rise to even more serious gum disease that is popular as periodontitis. In adults, periodontitis can be the primary reason for tooth loss. Usually, gingivitis does not include any pain or discomfort but it exhibits some serious symptoms like redness in gum, puffy gums, bleeding gums. Under such circumstances, it is mandatory to visit a dentist and undergo a dental gingivitis treatment.
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What is gingivitis caused by?
There are also other causes that may result in the formation of Gingivitis like-
- Change in hormonal level- The hormonal changes in the body occur during puberty, menopause, menstrual cycle and even pregnancy which may result in sensitive and swollen gum.
- Diseases- Serious physical conditions like diabetes or HIV may result in gingivitis.
- Drugs- Some specific oral medications may also result in the formation of Gingivitis, especially in cases of reduced saliva flow. Medicines that are anticonvulsant and anti-angina can also result in abnormal growth of the gum tissues.
- Smoking- One of the most common causes of experiencing gingivitis is smoking that results in the accumulation of bacteria over the smooth layer of the teeth.
- The other common causes of gingivitis are aging, poor diet, deficiency of vitamin C and family history.
Here are some gum disease manifestations to keep an eye out for:
- Red, puffy gums.
- Draining gums, particularly when you brush or floss.
- Sore gums that won’t leave.
- Tooth pain or affectability. At the point when gums pull away from teeth, teeth are increasingly presented and touchy to hot and cold nourishments or drinks.
- Awful breath that won’t leave. Plaque contains a large number of microscopic organisms that produce noxious waste items.
- Free teeth or changes in the manner your teeth fit when you clench down. This could be a propelled gum ailment, called periodontitis.
How is gingivitis diagnosed?Whenever the first symptom of Gingivitis arises, it is important to consult with your dentist who can provide you the best guidance. The exact gingivitis causes and treatment procedure can only be assessed by an experienced dentist in the following ways-
- Reviewing the patient’s dental and medical history
- The visible symptoms
- Evaluating the condition of the teeth, gums, mouth and even the tongue
- The dental groove depth in the gums and teeth is measured with the help of a dental probe. In general, if the dental groove is between one to three millimeters then the patient has a healthy gum, but if the groove is deeper than 4mm then that indicates some gum diseases.
- Dentists may also perform a dental x-ray to check the condition of the underlying bone and find out the presence of deeper pockets.
- If the dentist is not really sure about the exact cause of gingivitis, then they may also ask the patients to undergo other medical evaluation procedures.
Types of GingivitisThe best treatment for gingivitis can only be provided by the surgeon only after analyzing the severity of the condition and the type of gingivitis that the patient is suffering from. Following are the most common types of gingival diseases-
- Dental plaque-induced gingival disease- Here gingivitis occurs due to plaque formation, systematic factors, side effects for oral medications and even malnutrition.
- Non-plaque induced gingival lesions- This condition is mostly due to the presence of specific bacteria, virus or even fungus. This may occur due to various factors like inheritances, allergic reaction, illness, wounds or even reaction to foreign particles in the body such as dentures.
How do you fix gingivitis?
- Professional dental cleaning- A professional dental cleaning usually includes removing all traces of plaque, tartar, and bacterial biofilm layer through scaling and root planning. The scaling procedure usually removes the calculus or tartar layer from the tooth surface and near the gums. The root planing procedure helps in removing the bacteria and tartar layer by smoothing out the surface of the teeth which can initiate the gum healing procedure. This dental cleaning procedure is mostly performed by using specific instruments like a laser or even an ultrasonic device.
- Dental restoration- People who have undergone a dental crown treatment or a dental bridge treatment may end up with poor oral hygiene as with these dental appliances brushing teeth and removing the plaque layer might be difficult. This may lead to gum irritation, other gum diseases, and even gingivitis. In such cases, it is important to consult with your surgeon and undergo a suitable treatment procedure.
- Ongoing care- Even the chronic gingivitis treatment includes cleaning up of the plaque layer from the smooth surface of the teeth. Now the obtained result can persist as long as the patients can follow a healthy oral regime. It is only an experienced dentist who can help patients to decide the appropriate treatment only after evaluating the condition. Patients are advised to be under a scheduled check-up and dental cleaning to prevent further gingivitis symptoms.
- Care at home- After undergoing the procedure, patients are advised to brush their teeth twice a day daily not with any ordinary brush, but with an electric toothbrush. Flossing the teeth at least once a day is mandatory to remove the plaque layer from the teeth and then the mouth is to be washed thoroughly with an antiseptic mouthwash.