Common dental problems

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Dental problems are difficult, but the fact is that most of them can be easily prevented. Brushing twice every day, flossing every day, balanced and regular diet and regular dental check-ups are necessary for preventing dental problems.


Educating yourself about common dental problems and their causes can also go a long way in prevention.

Dental problems are observed in many people at some stage of their life. There are some common dental problems in adults that are observed easily.


Some of the problems are tooth decay, bad breath, gum disease, tooth sensitivity, tooth erosion, etc. When you experience any of these problems, it is better to visit the dentist early.

Common Dental Problems In Adults

Dental problems are observed in many people at some stage of their life. There are some common dental problems in adults that are observed easily.


Some of the problems are tooth decay, bad breath, gum disease, tooth sensitivity, tooth erosion, etc. When you experience any of these problems, it is better to visit the dentist early.

Here is a list of common dental problems.

1. Bad Breath

Bad breath, also called halitosis, can be a very big problem and a turnoff. According to some surveys, about 85 percent of people with bad breath have a dental condition as the primary reason.


Gum disease, cavities, oral cancer, dry mouth, and bacteria on the tongue are some of the dental problems that can cause bad breath. Using a mouthwash to hide bad breath which is due to a dental problem will only mask the bad smell and not cure it.

If you have a chronic bad breath problem, you need to visit your dentist to rule out any of these problems.

2. Tooth Decay

Tooth decay, also known as cavities, is also a very common problem. Tooth decay occurs when plaque, the sticky substance that forms on teeth, combines with the sugars and/or starches of the food you eat. This combination produces acids that attack tooth enamel.

You can get cavities at any age. With increasing age, you can develop cavities as your tooth enamel erodes.


Dry mouth due to age or medications can also lead to cavities. The best way to prevent tooth decay is by brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and going to your regular dental check-ups.


Eating healthy foods and avoiding snacks and drinks that are high in sugar are also ways to prevent decay. Your dentist can recommend further treatments that may help reduce your risk.

3. Gum Disease – Periodontitis

Gum disease is an infection of the gums surrounding the teeth. It is also one of the main causes of tooth loss among adults. There are studies which have indicated that there may be a link between heart disease and gum disease.


Gum disease usually occurs after age 30. Smoking, Diabetes and dry mouth increase the probability of gum disease. The symptoms include bad breath, red, swollen, tender, or bleeding gums, sensitive teeth, and painful chewing.


The two major stages of gum disease are gingivitis and periodontitis. Regular dental check-ups along with brushing at least twice a day and flossing daily play an important role in preventing gum disease.


You should see your dentist if you have any signs of gum disease, so you can get treatment to prevent further complications, such as tooth loss.

4. Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is a fatal disease and is responsible for a lot of deaths across the world.
The biggest risk factors are tobacco and alcohol use, including chewing tobacco. HPV—a sexually transmitted wart virus—also increases the risk.


The symptoms of mouth or throat cancer include sores, lumps, or rough areas in the mouth. You may also have a change in your bite and difficulty chewing or moving your tongue or jaw.


Regular dental visits can help catch oral cancer early. You may ask your dentist whether an oral cancer exam is part of their usual check-up. If you notice any of the symptoms or have trouble chewing, swallowing, or moving your tongue or jaw, see your dentist.

5. Mouth Sores

mouth sores problems
There are several types of mouth sores and they can be pesky and bothersome. Unless a mouth sore lasts more than two weeks, it is usually nothing to worry about and will disappear on its own.


Common mouth sores are canker sores (aphthous ulcers) that occur inside the mouth and not on the lips. They are not contagious and can be triggered by many different causes. They are only a concern if they don’t go away after two weeks.


Fever blisters or cold sores are caused by the Herpes simplex virus and occur on the edge of the outer lips. They are contagious and will come and go but are not completely curable.

6. Tooth Erosion

Tooth erosion is the loss of tooth structure and is caused by acid attacking the enamel. Tooth erosion signs and symptoms can range from sensitivity to more severe problems such as cracking.

Tooth erosion is more common than people might think, but it can also be easily prevented.

7. Tooth Sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity is a common problem that affects millions of people. Basically, tooth sensitivity involves experiencing pain or discomfort to your teeth from sweets, cold air, hot drinks, cold drinks or ice cream.


Some people with sensitive teeth even experience discomfort from brushing and flossing. The good news is that sensitive teeth can be treated.


Sensitive teeth can also be a sign of a cracked tooth or a tooth abscess, which needs to be treated by your dentist to prevent losing a tooth or getting an infection in your jaw bone. If you suddenly develop tooth sensitivity, make an appointment with your dentist to see if there is a source that needs to be treated.


8. Toothaches and Dental Emergencies

While many toothaches and dental emergencies can be easily avoided just by regular visits to the dentist, accidents can and do happen. Having a dental emergency can be very painful and scary.


Common problems that require an urgent trip to your dentist include a broken or cracked tooth, an abscessed tooth, or a tooth knocked out in an accident.

Go to a hospital for trauma care if you have a fractured or dislocated jaw or severe cuts to your tongue, lips, or mouth.

If you have a tooth abscess that is causing difficulty swallowing or you have developed a fever or facial swelling, get emergency care as well.

9. Unattractive Smile

While an unattractive smile is not technically a “dental problem,” it is a major reason why many patients seek dental treatment.

An unattractive smile can really lower a person’s self-esteem. Luckily, with today’s technologies and developments, anyone can have a beautiful smile.


Whether it’s teeth whitening, dental implants, orthodontics or other cosmetic dental work, chances are that your dentist can give you the smile of your dreams. Click here for a Free Dental Check-up

Causes Of Major Dental Problems

It is important to understand the causes of major dental problems which can help to take necessary care further.

Some of the major causes involve bacteria development, constant intake of sweet food, improper brushing, not following good oral hygiene habits, etc. Visiting the dentist regularly after a few months can help to treat dental problems.

Solutions For Dental Problems

Dental problems are common among people that can occur due to several reasons. However, it is important to have solutions for dental problems properly. Visiting the dentist is the best, as they can give proper treatment.


Other solutions involve saltwater rinsing, peppermint tea bags, proper brushing, etc. All these can give proper oral health to an individual.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the most common dental problems?

Tooth Decay is the most common dental problem in both adults and children.

What can we do to prevent dental problems?

  • Brush after eating or drinking
  • Rinsing your mouth with salt water
  • Regular dental checkup
  • Stay hydrated
  • Don’t Drink and smoke alcohol
  • Avoid fast food
  • Eat tooth-healthy foods

Do brushing too hard damage enamel?

Brushing too hard with a hard brush for a long time may damage the layers of enamel. The dentist recommends using a soft brush and gently brushing your teeth.

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4 thoughts on “Common dental problems

  • Prashant

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    View all 1 replies
    • Aayushi

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  • Aayushi

    regular diet and regular dental check-ups are necessary for preventing dental problems.

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