The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is located just in front of the lower part of the ear. This joint below the ear allows the lower jaw to move. It is just like a hip or shoulder called a ball-and-socket joint. When you open the mouth widely the ball from the socket that allows moving forward. If the ball moves so ahead it may result in dislocation of the TMJ. then the TMJ gets stuck in between the bone which is called the articular eminence. It becomes difficult for the ball to go back to its position. This happens most often when the ligaments that normally keep the ball in place are somewhat loose. Due to the TMJ disorder, the surrounding muscles often experience pain.
The jaw gets blocked due to the bad opening of the mouth that becomes difficult to close the mouth. In this situation, discomfort is experienced until the joint is not in the proper position.
The TMJ treatment is based on the position of the jaw by taking an X-ray of the jaw so that close vision is given to the dentist.
The problem of the TMJ disorder remains the same if precaution is not taken by the dentist. If treatment is taken by the dentist, the disorder will get rid of within a few weeks.
This TMJ disorder will never stop until you don’t consult a doctor. To avoid the long term pain Dentist recommends the patients to move their jaw in less motion. If a person is actually suffering from TMJ disorder, seeing a dentist for the treatment will be the right option. If a person going through this disorder the dentist will show how to open the mouth. For example, someone with this problem should place a fist under the chin when yawning to keep the mouth from opening too widely.
The problem of TMJ will be cured if proper treatment is given. If the treatment works there will be no chances for TMJ disorder to affect the jaw again. In some cases, the dentist asks the patients to shut their mouth for a time being. This causes the ligaments to get tighter and restricts their movement.
If the disorder is more or severe surgery may be required. The procedure of performing the treatment is medically termed as laminectomy. It removes the articular eminence so the ball of the joint no longer gets stuck in front of it.
The muscles around the TMJ need to relax so that the condyle can return to its normal position. To make this happen, some people need an injection of local anesthesia in the jaw joint. This may be followed by a muscle relaxant to stop the spasms. The muscle relaxant is given intravenously (into a vein in the arm).
If the jaw muscles are relaxed enough, a doctor or dentist can move the condyle back into the correct position. He or she will pull the lower jaw downward and tip the chin upward to free the condyle. Then the ball is guided back into the socket.
Rarely, someone may need to have the dislocation fixed in the operating room under a general anesthetic. In this case, it may be necessary to wire the jaws shut or use elastics between the top and bottom teeth to limit the movement of the jaw after the dislocation has been fixed.
You should follow a soft or liquid diet for several weeks afterward. This reduces jaw movement and stress. Avoid foods that are hard to chew, such as tough meats, carrots, hard candies, or ice cubes. Also, be careful not to open your mouth too wide.
The temporomandibular joint disorder combines a sudden action when in motion. The parts of these bones are interconnected with cartilage and are suddenly separated through a small shock that appears in the jaw which gives the jaw the pain.
TMJ disorders can occur pain if:
- The ball moves out from the position and leads to misalignment
- The interconnected cartilage may lead to the damage of arthritis.
- Due to the blow or other impact, it can damage the joint.
In many cases, however, the cause of TMJ disorders isn’t clear.
Risk factors involved in TMJ disorder.
Factors that may increase the risk of developing TMJ disorders include:
- Various types of arthritis issues like rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis
- Injury to the jaw
- Badly grinding of the teeth or clenching of the teeth.
- Affecting the temporomandibular joint by spreading diseases to the tissues that are certainly connected.