Although many people try to maintain good dental health, it is not always possible to sustain it longer for many people. When there is inflammation or infection inside the pulp of the tooth then root canal treatment becomes necessary.
This is one of the painful treatments where the infected pulp is removed, cleaned, and a suitable dental material is filled in the empty space there. Many people try to avoid this treatment, as root canal treatment cost is relatively high comparatively.
It is difficult to decide whether to go for root canal treatment or whether other types of treatment can work.
When is it necessary to do root canal treatment?
Here are some common situations when a root canal may be necessary:
If you have persistent, severe tooth pain, it could indicate an infection or damage to the tooth’s pulp.
When tooth decay reaches the innermost layer of the tooth, the pulp can become infected, leading to the need for a root canal.
If a tooth is fractured or injured due to trauma, the pulp may be exposed or damaged, requiring root canal therapy.
An abscess forms when a bacterial infection spreads to the root of the tooth. A root canal may be necessary to remove the infection and save the tooth.
If you experience prolonged sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures, even after the stimuli are removed, it could indicate pulp damage that requires a root canal.
However, the above situation must be treated with root canal treatment. It is important to consider the opinion of the dentists before the treatment.
What process is followed in the root canal treatment?
The process typically involves several steps, which are mentioned below
Examination and X-rays
The first step is a thorough examination of the tooth by a dentist. X-rays may be taken to determine the extent of the infection or damage and to assess the anatomy of the root canals.
Once the dentist determines that a root canal is necessary, they will administer local anesthesia to numb the area around the affected tooth. This ensures that you are comfortable during the procedure of the painful treatment process.
The dentist will place a rubber dam around the tooth to keep it dry and clean during the procedure. This also prevents the spread of bacteria from the mouth to the tooth.
Access to the pulp
The dentist will create a small opening in the tooth’s crown to access the infected or damaged pulp. By using a dental drill the access to the pulp is done.
Removal of pulp
Using specialized dental instruments called files, the dentist will carefully remove the infected or damaged pulp tissue from the pulp chamber and the root canals. The files are used to clean and shape the canals to facilitate effective disinfection.
Cleaning and disinfection
The dentist will use antiseptic solutions to clean and disinfect the pulp chamber and the root canals. This step is crucial for eliminating bacteria and reducing the risk of reinfection.
Filling the canals
When the canals are cleaned, it is filled with a biocompatible material called gutta-percha. Gutta-percha is placed into the canals in a rubbery form and is later sealed using dental adhesive cement to prevent further infection.
In most cases, a tooth that has undergone root canal treatment will require a dental restoration, such as a dental crown. The restoration helps to protect the tooth, restore its strength, and prevent further damage.
After the root canal procedure, you may be prescribed antibiotics to control any remaining infection. You will also be advised on how to care for the treated tooth, including proper oral hygiene practices.
Is root canal treatment costly?
Compared to the other dental treatments, the root canal treatment cost is relatively high. However, the cost will depend on several factors like dental services provider’s reputation, location, number of visits, etc.
The root canal treatment cost will also depend on the level of complexity in the tooth position.Further, the root canal treatment cost will depend on the type of dental cap you use for the tooth after the completion of the treatment.
There are different costs for the different types of dental caps used for the tooth after the treatment completion.