Dental health is an indicator of your overall health of gums and teeth. It’s not only an important part of your general health but also a part of your personality too.
Some research studies show a connection between gum disease and premature birth (birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy) and below birth weight (less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces). It shows taking good care of your gums and teeth during pregnancy can help you and your baby be healthy.
How pregnancy can affect your dental health?
During pregnancy, blood flow will increase in your body. Hormone changes also take place in the body. These variations mean that you’re more likely to have some dental health problems during pregnancy than you did before you got pregnant. These problems include:
The sign of the gingivitis is the swollen or sore gums. The gums may bleed while brushing or flossing. High levels of the hormone progesterone can motivate gingivitis during pregnancy. Without treatment, at the right time, gingivitis can become a serious gum disease called periodontitis.
Increased levels of the hormones progesterone and estrogen during pregnancy can affect the tissues and bones that keep your teeth in place. This can make your teeth suffer from losses from the socket.
This is the serious level of gum disease. It happens when the infection spreads in the gums and bones that keep your teeth in place. This can make your teeth lose and eventually may fall out.
These tumors are not cancer. They are lumps that form on swollen gums, normally in between teeth. This can make bleeding in the gums. The tumors may be formed because of too much plaque (sticky bacteria that forms on teeth). Pregnancy tumors normally go away on their own. In a few cases, you may need to have them removed by surgery sometime after you give birth.
This is when acids in your mouth start to wear down a tooth’s enamel. Enamel is the outer hard layer of a tooth. Because you have more acid in your mouth than usual during pregnancy, you’re more prone to have tooth decay. If you have morning sickness you have even more acid in your mouth.
Tooth lossIt happens because serious tooth decay or gum disease, your teeth may fall out Or your dentist may need to pull out your teeth.
What are the signs and symptoms of dental health problems during pregnancy?Signs and symptoms include:
- Bad breath
- Gums that hurt when they’re touched, or gums that bleed while brushing your teeth
- Loose teeth from the socket
- Mouth sores, lumps or other growths
- Red or red-purple gums
- Shiny, sore or swollen gums
- Toothache or other pain