Difference between Plaque and Calculus

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We all know that maintaining good dental health is as important as maintaining the general health of the body. Maintaining good habits like brushing the teeth daily, thoroughly washing the mouth after eating the food, avoiding junk foods on a regular basis, etc. will help out in improving dental health.


Many people must have heard the terms dental plaque and calculus which are some of the important dental problems. Both dental plaque and calculus have been troubling a lot of people for maintaining good dental health. Tartar is another name for calculus. We will surely look at the difference between plaque and calculus, before that, we will look at each of them individually.

What is Plaque?

Plaque is a vapid film of microorganisms and sugars that continually shape your teeth. While you can’t see a plaque with the unaided eye, you can frequently feel critical form-ups by running your tongue over the outside of your teeth because of its clingy properties.


While the limited quantity of plaque that creates through the span of a couple of hours is nothing to stress over, the plaque grows rapidly and delivers enough corrosive after some time that it tends to be very unsafe.


This is the main source of cavities and gum malady (counting gum disease), periodontal sickness, and tooth misfortune. The aggravations brought about by acidic microscopic organisms can prompt irritation and expansion, which is at last what prompts the surfacing of the conditions above. Consequently, keeping up command over plaque is totally essential.


Although you take all the efforts to clean the plaque, still you find it difficult to remove all the plaque contains all the way. They generally remain like the spot on the outer layer of the skin.

What is Calculus?

In the event that plaque isn’t cleaned and is permitted to aggregate over the teeth, it solidifies after some time and becomes calculus or tartar. Calculus additionally gives a protected reproducing ground to destructive micro-organisms which advance gum and periodontal infection.


This denotes the underlying phases of a periodontal sickness which includes expanding the gums and separation of strands that join the gums to the jaw bone. Calculus begins shaping in the space among teeth and the gums which will develop as the analytics arrangement increments.


Microbes flourish there exasperating the gum illness to the stages called periodontitis and propelled periodontitis. The invulnerable arrangement of the body responds and in the following fight, additionally assaults the gum fragile living creature and the jaw bone. The aftereffect of untreated progressed periodontal sickness is relaxing and at last, loss of teeth.

Difference between plaque and calculus:

Plaque is moderately crisp and delicate and can be for the most part cleaned with routine brushing. Calculus is the harder type of plaque. Calculus at the gum line can be evacuated by standard cleanings at a dental specialist office.


In the event that calculus is available on the root surfaces, it must be cleaned by a dental methodology called profound cleaning or scaling and root planing. Profound cleaning includes the expulsion of analytics from the teeth by utilizing ultrasonic scalers and periodontal curettes.

difference between plaque and calculus

The tip of ultrasonic scalers vibrates at high frequencies which help in plaque and calculus expulsion. A lot of the difference between plaque and tartar clearly defines how they are different from each other.


The plaque and calculus is not at all fine for the overall health, as it also leads to the gingivitis and periodontal disease. By looking at the point of difference, it is clear that the plaque is the initial phase, while the calculus is the later phase of the dental problem.

Looking at the difference between calculus and plaque, let us check some of its effect on teeth:

Calculus, or tartar, is the name given to mineralized plaque that has not been cleaned and has gathered after some time. The development of analytics will cause gum irritation notable as gum disease. This is a beginning time of periodontal infection, set apart by:

  • Growing in the gums
  • Draining when brushing or flossing. This is commonly effortless, concealing its temperament of ailment as the vast majority disregards draining when cleaning.

As the calculus frames in the middle of the teeth and gums, it gives the ideal rearing ground to microscopic organisms. In the event that it isn’t cleared off consistently, the separation between the gum and the jawbone happens, this will additionally exasperate and advances to a progressively extreme type of gum infection, called periodontitis or propelled gum malady.


The resistant framework attempts to kill the contamination by assaulting both the gums and the jaw bone. Whenever left untreated, tooth misfortune will happen.

Ways to avoid dental plaque and calculus build-up:

differences between plaque and calculus

  • Schedule a dental specialist visit at regular intervals for a steady examination and clean. It will help to check the condition of all the teeth and ensure that you have good dental health.
  • Utilizing an oscillating brush is a successful method to evacuate plaque particularly in tight territories. They will go in all the odd areas in the teeth and remove the tartar from it in a very effective way.
  • Brush your teeth two times every day for two minutes to altogether expel any nourishment garbage from all surfaces of your teeth and in the middle of gums. Here, brushing the tooth at night before going to sleep is of vital importance. It will ensure that there is no food particle being attached to the teeth or at least there are minimal chances of it.
  • Join a mouthwash inside your standard that secures against plaque, gum disease, pits, and evacuates microorganisms without consumption.
  • Limit your admission of sugary and boring nourishments. Sugar or any sweet items easily get sticks in the lower portion of the teeth and are faster agents in building up the calculus. Apart from it, the intake of the junk also builds up the tartar in the teeth.
  • Smoking is bad for your dental health. The smoke released while smoking, gets settled on the lower portion of the teeth. Abstain from smoking to diminish the probability of tartar.

Although there is very little difference Between Plaque and Calculus, both of them are detrimental to dental health. It is finally you, who can avoid the problem of plaque and calculus growth by maintaining good habits. Despite these things, if you are still facing dental problems then you need to visit the proper dentist soon to avoid further problems.


Your dentist will check the teeth thoroughly probably with an X-ray too then they will suggest the appropriate solution for your dental health. A lot of people who have faced the problems of plaque and calculus have now successfully come out of this problem. Preserving your teeth is the only way to enjoy eating different food. Improved dental health is always nice for enjoying life.


Expert’s Opinions

  • Dr. Jena Shah Dental Director of Sabka dentist says “Plaque and Calculus are two of the most important dental problems faced by many of the people. It is difficult to detect the plaque at the initial phase and the build-up of calculus leads to a lot of damage for the teeth. Maintaining good dental habits is always better for improving dental health.”
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One thought on “Difference between Plaque and Calculus

  • Aayushi

    now i have a clear picture of plaque and calculas. My confusion is resolved

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