What is Teeth Whitening?Teeth whitening is a way of lightening the teeth by using a chemical agent that breaks down stain producing chromogens on the surface of teeth.
Why would I need Teeth whitening?The reason for treatment differs from person to person. Like variations in our hair and skin color ,teeth color is also different from one person to another. Indications for teeth whitening includes:
- Intrinsic tooth staining
- Tetracycline staining
- Tobacco Staining
What is dental stain?Stains are discolorations on the surface of teeth that are caused by multiple reasons. It may affect single tooth or multiple teeth. According to its formation, it may be categorized into the following two forms:-
- Extrinsic stains:It is the most common type of tooth discoloration on external surface of the tooth. These stains usually occur due to the excessive consumption of certain types of foods & beverages. It affects the enamel that causes discoloration in the teeth. Habits like smoking and tobacco chewing are also responsible for external stains.
- Intrinsic stains:Intrinsic staining primarily occurs during the tooth development. Intrinsic stains are those that cannot be removed through mechanical measures such as debridement prophylactic stain removal.
What causes tooth discoloration in adults?Extrinsic Staining:
- Smoking and tobacco chewing
- Increased frequency of drinking sugary and acidic liquids such as coffee, cola, tea, and red wine
- Poor oral hygiene that results in staining and calculus buildup
- Use of Mouthwash like Chlorhexidine, which can bind to tannins
- Trauma to the tooth, which results in staining as a result of pulp necrosis or internal resorption.
- Enamel Hypoplasia
- Amelogenosis Imperfecta
- Dentinogenesis Imperfecta
- Staining due to Tetracycline
What is the process of teeth whitening?At your visit to the Sabka Dentist clinic, our dentist will examine your teeth closely and let you know if you need further treatment. Our professional dentist will check the overall condition of the teeth, the health of the teeth and will ensure the patient’s gums are healthy, post which our professionals will take this treatment further. At Sabka Dentist, dental check up is at Zero cost! Cleaning the teeth will be the first step of your treatment process. Then they will put a rubber shield to protect your gums from caustic dental bleach. This is followed by applying the whitening solution. They will then apply the hydrogen peroxide-based whitening agent onto your teeth. 30-90 minutes shall elapse before the treatment is done. One may need upto one to three appointments at Sabka dentist, depending upon the method used, how severe your stains are and the extent to how white you want your teeth to be!
What are the different forms of teeth whitening treatment?
Non-vital whitening:This process is done for a tooth that had a root canal treatment. A root canal treated tooth can have intrinsic staining sometimes.A bleaching agent (hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide) is then placed inside the tooth and left for some time until the tooth achieves the desired color. Once done, the dentist will remove it and will seal the tooth with a white (composite) filling.
Vital whitening:This treatment is done for the natural, vital and healthy tooth. Bleaching solution here is applied onto the vital tooth surface. This treatment is effective in lightening and brightening your teeth. It can be done by dentist (In-Office) or by at-home technique.
Teeth whitening at home:For At-home whitening procedure, the dentist records impressions of upper and lower teeth. This helps to prepare custom mouthpieces that fit you well. A close fit ensures that the whitening agent remains in contact with your teeth. At home, one has to fill each mouthpiece with the provided whitening gel. The mouthpiece needs to be worn for several hours every day. Optimal amount of whitening is achieved within a week or two. However, one may need to wear the mouthpiece for four weeks or longer for effective whitening. Whitening products over the counter may also be used. However, they contain weaker whitening agents and whitening may thus take longer. The whitening agent is then applied as a gel placed in a mouthpiece or as a strip that sticks to your teeth. Over-the-counter mouthpieces fit less securely than the customized kind that the dentist provides.
In-office Whitening:Dentist – managed bleaching may include in-office bleaching treatments. In-office whitening involves use of more powerful whitening gel. A specialized light or laser is used to activate the gel and allow bleaching to happen faster! In-office whitening treatment takes around 30 to 90 minutes.1 to 3 appointments may be needed depending upon the method used, how severe your stains are and how white you want your teeth to be! Different stains may respond differently to the bleaching treatment. After the whitening agent is applied by the dentist, laser or light activator is used on the teeth. If one’s teeth are badly discolored, dentist may also suggest to continue the bleaching process at home for a few days or weeks.
Benefits of teeth whitening:
- Bright smile: Aesthetics is the priority of the patients for achieving white teeth. This treatment will it brighten up the teeth and make them appear attractive.
- Removal of Stains and Discoloration: Tooth whitening will remove unaesthetic stains and discoloration from the tooth surface.
When might teeth whitening not work?The fact that you have to remember about the treatment is it can only lighten the existing shade not giving it a new colour shade. Hence works on only natural teeth. It will not work on any set of ‘false’ teeth (prosthesis) such as dentures, crowns, etc
Oral care after the treatment:
- Keep your teeth white by decreasing the amount of drinking, smoking or eating sugary,coloured(turmeric,coffee,colas) items.
- Visit your dentist regularly once in 6 months, and when they call you back for the treatment.
- Maintain regular oral hygiene.
- Regular brushing and flossing are utterly important.
What kind of risks does it include?Some patients may feel sensitivity in their teeth after the treatment for a couple of days. This can be resolved by the discussion with our dentist, and they will assist you with a proper solution.
Who should avoid teeth whitening?
- Bleaching is not advised for children < 6 years.
- Bleaching treatment should be avoided for pregnant or lactating women.
When To Call a Professional?If you feel teeth whitening will benefit you, you can contact Sabkadentist to seek and discuss the procedure further. You can take the appointment directly too by contacting us. Find your nearby clinic within our maps! Happiness begins with a smile and we will assist you to get your desired smile! To know about the cost of the treatment, please check the price list here.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Are there any negative side effects of teeth whitening?
- Tooth Sensitivity: The most common side effect is tooth sensitivity. Sensitivity is directly related to the concentration of hydrogen peroxide. Postoperative care of using a fluoridated mouth rinse or ACP-CPP should be taken, to promote remineralization of the enamel surface.
- Gum irritation: This is possible if the bleaching agent or if the margins of an ill fitting tray comes in contact with unprotected gum tissue. Such lesions should be treated by copious rinsing with water. More severe ones should be treated with topical application of anaesthetic gels. If any of these side effects continue, then you should visit your dentist.
How much does it cost to get your teeth professionally whitened?
How long does it take to whiten teeth?
- In – office Technique: 30 minutes per appointment are required. 1 – 3 appointments may be required.
- At Home : 4 hours per session is required. Duration of treatment depends on the extent of discoloration. Results may show as early as 2 – 14 days or may take as long as 6 – 12 months.
How does whitening toothpaste work?
How long does teeth whitening last?
How to whiten teeth at home?
Following are the Over-the-counter and professional teeth whitening agents to be used at home:
- Strips & Gels: The plastic whitening strips contain a layer of peroxide gel and are shaped to fit the buccal/labial surfaces of the teeth. They are recommended to be used twice daily for 30 minutes for 14 days to give effective results. However, specific whitening strip products will have their own set of instructions.
- Tray based Teeth Whitening: The dentist will first take impressions of the upper and lower teeth and then prepare the trays. At home, the patient should brush their teeth prior to the use of these trays since surface debris can minimize the effective contact of bleaching agent with the tooth surface. Then, the patient should place sufficient bleaching agent (10% carbamide peroxide) into the tray to cover the facial surfaces of teeth. This tray should be worn for a time period of 4 hours for every session. After every bleaching session, rinse off the bleaching agent from teeth surface. Depending on the extent of tooth discoloration, time duration to achieve the optimal result may vary.