Diabetes and Dental Care

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Diabetes is a condition that can affect your whole body and your mouth is no exception to it. Dental care is important for people with diabetes because they have a higher risk of oral health problems due to poorly controlled blood sugar level. The less controlled blood sugar, the more likely oral health problems will arise.

What are the oral threats for Diabetic patients?

Poorly controlled Type 2 diabetes is more likely to develop periodontal diseases. Besides impairing white blood cells, another complication of diabetes is that it causes blood vessels to thicken, blood vessels are responsible for supplying oxygen and nourishing the body tissues, including the mouth.


The thicken blood cells slow the supply of nutrients. When these events take place, the body’s ability to fight infections will be reduced. Since periodontal disease is a bacterial infection, diabetics with uncontrolled blood sugar levels may experience more frequent and more severe gum disease.
Gum disease
Typically symptoms include:
Bleeding gums, swollen gums, recession of gums, bad breath, itchy gums, and loose teeth.

Uncontrolled diabetes can reduce saliva flow, causing in dry mouth. Saliva is the natural defense for the acids attack. Usually, it washes away the acid attack that happens after each meal you take.


Your mouth naturally contains several kinds of bacteria. When starch and sugar in food interacts with these bacteria it forms a sticky layer on the surface of the teeth. The acids in plaque start to wear down the surfaces of the teeth (enamel). If not cleaned this can lead to cavities and gum disease.

tooth decay


  • Fungal infections

Diabetics are more prone to develop fungal infections of mouth as the fungus thrives on the high levels of sugar in the saliva of people with uncontrolled diabetes.


  • Delayed healing

People with uncontrolled diabetes tend to heal wounds slowly after oral surgery because blood flow to the treatment site can be impaired.

How Your Dentist Can Help to Fight Oral Difficulties

Regular dental checkups are important. Research studies show that treating gum disease can help to balance blood sugar in patients with high sugar levels. Following good oral hygiene and having professional deep cleanings done by your dentist can help.

Let your dentist know

  • If you are diagnosed with diabetes
  • If it is controlled or not
  • If you take insulin or not

Your oral hygiene routine should include

  • Brushing twice daily
  • Floss daily
  • Limited sweet intake
  • Using fluoride toothpaste
  • Visiting your dentist regularly.


Expert opinion

    Dr. Ankita Gada Dental Director at Sabka dentist says “Diabetic patients should not ignore the symptoms of Dry Mouth. Cavities can easily form in the absence of saliva production, increased bacterial growth may lead to further complications.”

    Dr. Jena Shah Dental Director of Sabka dentist says “The greater your blood sugar level, the larger the supply of sugar and starch — and more the risk of acid wearing away at your teeth.”

    Dr. Reena Waghela Dental Director at Sabka dentist says “Your oral care at home is primarily important. However make sure you are not missing regular dental checkups, this will allow your dentist to spot dental threats and prepare a treatment plan for you.”

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One thought on “Diabetes and Dental Care

  • Aayushi

    great article

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