A good dental health is one of the important things for every individual. However, most people have to go through one or the other dental problem at some stage in their life. Gum disease is one of the serious dental problems which create a lot of complications. Gingivitis and Periodontitis are gum disease which is […]

A good dental health is one of the important things for every individual. However, most people have to go through one or the other dental problem at some stage in their life. Gum disease is one of the serious dental problems which create a lot of complications. Gingivitis and Periodontitis are gum disease which is found among lot of people. If these diseases are remained untreated for a longer duration then it leads to a lot of trouble in the later stage. Many of the people do not know the exact difference between gingivitis and periodontitis. Both are the result of gum problems. They are one of the very troublesome dental diseases that many of the people have to go through. It will be interesting to look at the point relating to gingivitis vs periodontitis in detail.

Here, we will see all the difference between gingivitis and periodontitis in a proper way:

What is the difference between gingivitis and periodontitis

  • Gingivitis:-

    Gingivitis is brought about by the irritation of the tissues that encompass and bolster the teeth. It is an extremely normal gum ailment that varies in seriousness and is frequently a consequence of poor dental cleanliness. Indications frequently incorporate seeping of the gums during brushing or flossing and terrible breath. Plaque development at the gum line is the immediate reason for gum disease and whenever left untreated, gum disease might bring about lasting harm to the teeth and jaw. Since gum disease can be a mellow type of gum illness, people probably won’t know that they have the condition.

gingivitis vs periodontitis

  • Periodontitis:-

    Periodontal disease is a bacterial contamination that is incessant and influences both the gums and the bone that underpins the tooth. It initially starts with the nearness of bacteria in the plaque, which is that vapid film that structures on your teeth every once in a while, cause the gum to encounter some measure of aggravation.

differences between gingivitis and periodontitis

Expert opinion

  • Dr. Preethi Nagarajan Dental Director of Sabka dentist says "Knowing the differences between Gingivitis and Periodontitis, it is clear that both are very serious dental issues that have to be taken seriously. Once you notice the symptoms of Gingivitis and Periodontitis, it will be a very wise idea to visit the proper dental expert as soon as possible.”

Stages of Gum disease

  • Gingivitis:-This is the first stage of gum disease which leads to a lot of problems. Here, a thin layer of bacteria starts developing.
  • Periodontitis:-This is the later stage of the gum disease when the Gingivitis advances when left untreated. Here, the infected region develops the tartar in the infected area which can be removed only with the dental treatment.

Stages of periodontal disease

Reasons

  • Gingivitis:-One of the common causes of Gingivitis is plaque. Here, a thinner layer of the bacteria is formed on the plaque and it is usually not visible easily. This is formed usually in the area where the gum and teeth meet. Gingivitis can be felt when you just run the tongue through the infected portion. The bacteria developed in this region start eating the sugar accumulated on the teeth and their waste product causes problems.
  • Periodontitis:-If Gingivitis is not treated properly at the earlier stage then the disease progresses slowly and the bacteria present their damages ligaments, gingiva, jawbones. The teeth become very loosely tied to the gum at this stage.

General Symptoms

  • Gingivitis:-
    1. Tenderness develops in the gum
    2. Swollen and dusky gum with reddishness
    3. There is frequent bleeding in the gum
    4. Breathing is foul with bad odor
  • Periodontitis:-
    1. Bright Red and inflamed gums
    2. The gums start receding in the backward direction
    3. The mouth has bad stinking
    4. Some people even get Pus between gums and teeth which gets busted after some days
    5. The teeth become loose and get aligned in an improper order

Appearance

  • Gingivitis:-There is a smaller to a bigger level of pockets developed between the gums and teeth. Bacteria generally start developing between these pockets and after going deep it becomes difficult for the toothbrush to reach there. Prolonged growth of the bacteria can lead to the development of the tartar in the region which can be removed only with the dental treatment. If the pocket is deeper then bacteria can even reach to the root of the teeth.
  • Periodontitis:As periodontitis occurs at the later stage of the gingivitis, the bacteria attacks the bone and tissue which connects them in periodontitis. The part of the root of the teeth here gets exposed leading to a lot of complications. In some cases, the teeth become very loose making it very painful in chewing the food items. The progress of the periodontitis leads to the damage of the tissues making it difficult to recover on its own. A dentist here has to do a lot of complicated processes to identify the infected area. The area appears much deep in the area which can be viewed easily.

Treatment

  • Gingivitis:
    1. Brushing the teeth twice in a day is one of the primary treatment to avoid these problems and treatment
    2. Cleaning the teeth deeply to remove the tartar and plaque
    3. Using toothpaste which has sufficient amount of Fluoride content
    4. Taking the advice of professional dental care
  • Periodontitis:
    1. Antibiotics intake with the advice proper dental expert
    2. Root Planning of the affected area
    3. Removal of the gum tissue in a surgical way
    4. Reshaping the gum tissue through the surgical procedure
    5. Restoration of the guided tissue
    6. Simulating the tissue proteins

Associated Risks:

  • Gingivitis:-
    1. Pregnancy
    2. Dry Mouth
    3. Changes in the hormone
  • Periodontitis:-
    1. Certain medicines
    2. Osteoporosis

Prevention techniques:

  • Gingivitis:-
    1. Brushing of the teeth and flossing in a proper way is one of the finest ways to control the Gingivitis
    2. Eating food items with less sugar content
    3. Ensuring less cold drinks with lesser soda content
    4. Regular checkup with the dentist
  • Periodontitis:-
    1. Constant checking of the tartar development on the teeth
    2. Taking for the proper care of the teeth at the earlier stage
    3. Proper checkup from the dentist regularly

These are some of the major points covering gingivitis vs periodontitis. Maintaining good dental health is not a one-time process, it is a continuous process. Both diseases have a common thing between them where the gums are infected and swollen. Still, there is a lot of difference between gingivitis and periodontitis which is worth to be noted. Gum disease should never be taken lightly and it should be addressed very quickly. The use of the electric toothbrush has also been found very effective for avoiding Gingivitis and Periodontitis problems. All necessary steps should be taken to the damage of the gums caused by Gingivitis and Periodontitis. Visiting the dentist at the prior stage can be very beneficial for ensuring that the right treatment is done. After all, good dental health is very important in life for every individual.

References

https://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/gingivitis-periodontal-disease

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279593/

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93 thoughts on “Differences on Gingivitis and Periodontitis

  • pragati

    Well explained ??

    View all 1 replies
    • Madhura K

      Informative and simple primary preventive techniques.

  • Mohini

    Great and informative

  • Rohan Subramaniam

    Nicely Explained

    View all 1 replies
    • Pawan Mishra

      Useful information

  • Jena

    Very informative…

  • Rajshree

    Very informative and useful . Must read this .

  • Pratiksha S

    Will surely share this information to my family and friends.

  • Dr. Mansi

    The difference is well illustrated..

  • Chirag

    Very well explained.

  • Susanna Puthenpurayil

    Well explained

  • Difference between gingivitis and periodontitis nicely explained along with prevention for same

  • Namrata Dharmadhikari

    Good information about gum disease also nice explaination of it’s stages

  • Nidhi

    informative blog

  • Heena

    Very informative blog

  • Kinjal engineer

    Nicely explained the differences along with prevention of the same

  • Dr. Nidhi H Patel

    must read

  • Pooja sawant

    Nicely explained difference between gingivitis and periodontitis and its prevention..
    Thankyou

  • Shreya dharia

    Nicely explained

  • Ankita Aggarwal

    Well summarised article

  • Difference between gingivitis and periodontitis nicely explained along with prevention measures

  • Akshata shah

    Clearly explained about the difference between gum disease.Great article

  • Suunny

    Informative

  • Apeksha vaghani

    Well explained article

  • Manali Pandya

    Informative and explanatory

  • Yashashree

    Very well explained topic

  • Chitra

    Nicely presented and useful

  • Pooja Shah

    There is a lot of confusion between both terms… After reading this article.. It’s quite distinguishable..

  • Antima Saxena

    This article explains so much about different gum problems. Also preventive measures are explained well. A must read.

  • Priya

    Great information!! Very nicely explained..

  • Divya shah

    Very informative article

  • Mariya

    Very well explained

  • Shaheda manjothi

    Good information provided

  • Janak thanth

    Nicely explained gum disease and will be very useful .

  • Dr.Aanal

    Informarive article as gingivitis is a pre version of periodontitis.to get treatments as early as possible can prevent u to turn into severe stages converting gingivitis into periodontitis

  • Megha

    A very common problem which is not usually realised as most are not aware.Nice article

  • Farooq Shaikh

    Very informative

  • Ishani

    Good information about the most common gum problems.

  • Harshada

    It was an eye opener… Thank you for the amazing information.. Very useful?

  • Dr.Jaya

    Very well explained the two different problem and the solution.

  • Aarti

    Very helpful and informative.

  • Kruti

    Gum problems are very common. It is very important to understand the difference. Well explained

  • Tejal shah

    Very well explained

  • Arpit Sharma

    Amazing article very good read

  • Tanisha Palvia

    Very useful, helped clarify articles

    View all 1 replies
    • Nadeemw

      Very well explained.

  • Dr. Vishva patel

    Well explained

  • Anusha

    Gingivitis and periodontitis are the most common mixed term. Its very difficult make patients aware of both the diseases. Well explained about them.

  • Pooja pasnani

    Very useful

  • Aditi

    Well explained about gum diseases, good information

  • Sandhya

    Informative

  • Dipika

    Nice article

  • Dr. Rupashree Shetty

    Well explained

  • Kanchan karad

    Very informative and helpfull …one shiuld read..

  • Mahajabin

    Very well explained…gingivitis precedes to periodontitis if not taken care of…hence it becomes quite clear that gingivitis need to be treated as soon we notice it…to prevent its progression…

  • Nasir shaikh

    Great article

  • Ramla shaikh

    Nicely Explained

  • Pooja Deshal

    Good explained

  • Sonal Salvi

    Great information

  • Akash

    Well explained

  • Rashmi

    Good information

  • Kavya

    Useful information

  • Sigi

    Very informative blog!!A must read.

  • Anjali Jaiswal

    Thank you for sharing such article.

  • Mukesh Jaiswar

    Nice explanation between both of them.

  • Sanket Burte

    Well explain

  • Almas

    Nicely explained. Very informative

  • Nadeem

    Well explained.

  • Salil apte

    Well explained and usefull article

  • Aditi Joshi

    Informative.

  • Sunitha BS

    Nice article

  • kamarjahan

    Nice information

  • shabana

    Nice article

  • Reshma Patel

    Helpful information

  • Reshma Patel

    Great and Helpful information

  • Prerana

    Difference is very well explained.. Must read article

  • Avinash

    Well explain thanks for sharing

  • Seema

    This article explained the differences in a very simple way

  • Sonal Dhakane

    Well explained…

  • Harshal Nikam

    Nice article

  • Redes

    Does root planing need to be done annually?

  • Vaishnavi

    Both the topics are commonly taken to be same but the difference between them is well explained in this article

  • Shubhangi

    Good information

  • Nashra

    Nice article.

  • Aishwarya

    Very useful Information

  • Rasika more

    Good article ?

  • Apurva

    Informative article

  • Amrita Jha

    The topic is well explained.

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