What’s a cavity in your tooth?

You think so a cavity is caused by eating chocolates? Well, the answer is, No The cavity doesn’t need to be caused by eating sweets. The cavity is caused by the bacteria formed inside the mouth. When bacteria start to overgrow in mouth, they start producing acid which causes tooth infection. It starts growing deeper after a particular period. So, it is necessary to visit a dentist and treat the infected area before time. Visit Sabka Dentist today. It will help you to remove the dental cavity.

How do you know if you have a cavity or not?

Following are the symptoms of a tooth cavity:

  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Tooth pain
  • A visible hole in your teeth
  • Black or white stain on your teeth 

Expert's Opinions

  • Dr. Manan Dhulia Dental Director of Sabka dentist says "Dental cavities can be a cause of your loss of tooth if not treated on time with filling, crown or root canal treatment. Treating the infected tooth on time can help you get rid of pain faster.”
  • Dr. Jena Shah Dental Director of Sabka dentist says "Dental cavities if detected at an early stage can be treated by dental fillings which will prevent the tooth from further decay.”
  • Dr. Reena Waghela Dental Director of Sabka dentist says "dental cavities or caries are caused due to improper brushing and flossing habits. Cavities or caries can be avoided by following the oral hygiene thoroughly and getting regular dental check-up done."

dental cavities

What causes dental cavities?

  1. The cavity is occurred due to lack of oral hygiene.
  2. The extra sugar contained food (eg refined carbs,sweets) and beverages encourage cavity formation.
  3. Existing tooth decay may spread the infection to other teeth.
  4. Not brushing your teeth can cause the cavity.
  5. Some genetic issues also cause cavity.

How do dentist treat cavities?

Visit Sabka dentist, discuss with your dentist about the problems related to the symptoms. They will identify the cavities after a Free dental checkup at Sabka dentist. Some time cavities are not visible, hence a dental checkup may incorporate an x-ray.

Treatment for a cavity depends upon the grimness formed. Below are some treatments mentioned depending upon the grimness:

Tooth Fillings:

The infection on the affected part starts to sit at the breakage of the tooth. The dentist will drill the cavity and remove the affected part. Then the dentist will fill the tooth with a material such as gold, silver or composite resin.

Root canal:

When the dental cavity infection reaches the root of the tooth it affects the nerves of the tooth. At this point, your dentist will recommend root canal treatment to save that tooth. He will remove infected areas of your tooth, nerve tissue, and blood vessel tissue. Later, they will examine the infection level and will provide appropriate medication for the root. Finally, the tooth will be filled, and they will place a crown on it. Visit Sabka dentist to get the root canal treatment done.

Early stage treatment:

A simple fluoride treatment will save your tooth enamel if the cavity is identified in its early stage.

teeth cavities

What are the stages of tooth decay?

The First Stage:

The first stage of the cavity includes plaque development. Naturally, bacteria are present in our mouth at all times. These bacteria spread if you eat a lot of sugary stuff. At this point when sugars aren’t wiped off your teeth, these bacteria’s benefit from them and produce acids. Later, bacteria then combines with food particles and acids and starts to injure the enamel.

This first stage cannot be diagnosed by an X-ray.

The Second Stage of Dental Cavity:

Once the enamel is injured, a tiny opening starts to appear in the tooth. The tiny opening in the tooth represents the next stage of the cavity. Once this occurs acid and bacteria start to attack the next layer of the tooth and gets infected.

The Third Stage is known as Dentin decay:

With the small opening in the tooth, bacteria and acids will start to attack the inner layer which is dentin. At this point the pulp (innermost part) gets irritated and the infection may spread to the bone that supports the tooth. When the infection has reached this level, you will experience the sensitivity or a toothache while biting.

How do you prevent cavities naturally?

Natural teeth are precious, so taking care of it is necessary. Following ways are important points to keep your teeth healthy.

  1. Regular oral hygiene practice: After each meal, food particles starts to accumulate on the top of the enamel. If you do not clean the remaining food particles they will get converted to bacteria that will cause dental cavity. This should be wiped off. So, cleaning the mouth after each meal is very important. Brushing should be the first thing in the morning and last thing at bedtime. Apart from this, regular tongue cleaning and flossing are also necessary.
  2. Sealing the existing decay: Existing decay means the house of bacteria. So, to disallow the infection to spread to the teeth beside it, get the cavity filled as early as possible.
  3. Excessive consumption of sugary beverages encourage cavity formation: Sugar is considered to be dangerous for mouth as well as teeth. Sugary foods are the enemy of good oral health. Ensure you aren’t having sugary beverages often. If your children like to have chocolates, teach them to clean their mouth after having sweet food.
  4. Rinse the mouth after each meal: Not only sugar but, if you don’t clean the mouth after any meal, the bacteria feed on the remaining food particles to grow. Hence you should practice rinsing the mouth after each meal.

When to see a Dentist?

Since dental cavity is considered to be a major infection, it is necessary to visit the Sabka dentist clinic at regular intervals i.e every 6 months. That will help you get the treatment done at the right time.

References:

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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How do dentists detect cavities?

Conventional Diagnostic Methods:

  • Visual Inspection: Help to determine the colour and texture of the lesion.
  • Tactile Examination with Explorer: It is suggested to use sharp explorer, based on tug back action, for diagnosis.
  • Radiographs
  • Dental Floss: When unwaxed dental floss is moved across the carious proximal tooth surface, any resistance on withdrawal can be indicative.
  • Ultraviolet light: It increases the optical contrast between the carious lesion and surrounding soft tissue.
  • Caries Detector Dyes: They are applied for 10 seconds and then washed off. Any deeply stained tooth structure.

Advanced Diagnostic Methods: Fluorescence/Fibreoptic Transillumination

Where do most cavities occur on your teeth?

Cavities are most common on occlusal surfaces of back teeth (premolars and molars), which have depressions and grooves that can accumulate food particles and harbor bacteria.

How common are cavities?

Tooth decay is a common disorder i.e. second to common cold. It can affect anyone and can occur at any age. It’s occurrence is determined by interplay of factors like diet, oral hygiene and microbial flora in oral cavity.

How to avoid cavities?

Proper maintenance of oral hygiene can aid to avoid cavities. Regular brushing, flossing and employing proper brushing technique can be paramount. Toothbrush should always be kept at a 45-degree angle against the gums and moved back and forth gently in short and wide strokes. Also, quality and frequency diet plays a vital role. Food and drinks that are sugary and acidic in nature should be avoided.

Which foods cause tooth decay?

Intake of Polysaccharides, sugars and acidic foods and drinks with increased frequency can be a major contributor of tooth decay.

How does tooth decay occur?

The microorganisms of the mouth degrade the fermentable carbohydrate food material so as to form acids, which demineralizes the enamel of tooth. Tooth decay occurs as a result of this acid attack and imbalance between demineralization and remineralization of enamel.

Can tooth decay/tooth cavity be 'non-active'?

Arrested caries are tooth cavities that have stopped progressing and are inactive/ non – active. These spots look different from the rest of the tooth and often display brown or whiter discoloration than the surrounding area. Tactile sensation can help to diagnose them. They are hard to touch, unlike progressive cavities, which have sticky or soft feeling. No treatment is required for arrested caries.

What will happen if a cavity is left untreated?

If an incipient cavity (involving only enamel) is left untreated, it can progress to involve dentin as well as pulp. Involvement of pulp can result in excruciating pain most of the times and will necessitate root canal treatment.
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